Art and Culture of Betul

Betul is surely one of culturally rich places of Madhya Pradesh state. Its culture is enriched by different linguistic and ethnic communities, who have been living and peacefully co-existing here for thousands of years. The Marathi or Maharastrian community resides in the southern belt of the district, Bundelkhandi community resides in the northern part of the district and while rest of Betul district constitutes of Gond advasi tribe. With such diverse demography, Betul’s culture obviously has to be very diverse and colorful. Here is a brief summary of Betul’s rich and colorful culture.

Bundelkhandi Culture in Betul

Bundelkhandi community that predominantly resides in the northern part practices its own indigenous culture that has evolved through thousands of years. Bundelkhandi folk dances and music are very integral part of this community’s indigenous culture. Their folk dance and music mainly depict the rich history of Bundelkhandi community that dates back to 16th century, when Bundela Rajputs began ruling the then Bundelkhand region. The name Bundelkhand itself is in fact derived from Bundela Rajputs. Here are the names of all the folk dances that are integral part of Bundelkhandi culture.

Culture in Betul
  • Diwari: Bundelkhandi people perform this dance mainly during Diwali festival
  • Ravala: This form of folk dance is mainly popular amongst farmers of Bundelkhandi community
  • Badhaiya: This dance is formed mainly during child birth, marriage and other social gatherings
Other popular folk dances: Raai, Horse Dance, Faag, Alha, Lamtera and Khyal.

Marathi Culture in Betul

Marathi community that resides in the southern part of the district practices the typical Maharastrian culture. Exactly the same Maharastrian culture that is practiced in the state of Maharashtra.
Just like Bundelkhandi community, Marathi community too performs their own unique dances and songs during ceremonies and social functions. Other typical Maharastrian rituals and practices too are performed by local Marathi people here.

Gond Tribal Culture in Betul

Gond Tribal Culture in BetulOne of the real unique things about Betul is the tribal culture which is brought forth by Gondi advasi tribe, who today constitute as a major part of Betul’s total population. They are direct decedents of Gondi kingdom, the advasi based kingdom that ruled many parts of Central India from 14th century to 18th century. As for their culture is concerned, it is still deeply rooted in superstitious beliefs and dogmas. Hence age old practices like animal sacrifices and child marriages are still prevalent in this community. Besides, tribal based folk dances and songs is very much integral part of the Gondi people, which are performed mainly during ceremonies and festivals. One another unique thing about Gondi people is their firm belief in different sets of gods; gods that are only unique to advasi tribes and no other communities. Gods with names like Pharsa Pen, Janani (mother of creator) and Sri Shambu Mahadeo are highly revered by people of this community. God Bhimsen is probably the only Hindu god that is worshipped by Gondi people .

Festivals of Betul

All the popular Hindu festivals like Diwali, Holi, Ram Navami and Dusshera are celebrated very enthusiastically in this part of the world. Advasi or tribal festivals are also very popular here, which are practiced only by local Gondi people. Christians and Muslims also form a tiny part of Betul’s population. Hence festivals like Christmas and EID are also celebrated here.

Costume in Betul

Betul is predominately a rural area and hence costumes and cloths worn here are very traditional and conservative. Women here generally wear sarees or salwar kameez, while men here go for kurta, dhoti and pajayama. In the main city of Betul however people do wear lot of western attires. This is generally true about men, who’ve adapted to shirts, trousers and T shirts.

Languages Spoken in Betul

Hindi is definitely the main language of Betul. Besides, Marathi, Gondi and Bundeli languages are also very much widely spoken here. They are spoken by respective ethnic communities that reside here. Marathi by Maharastrian community, Gondi by Gondi tribal community and Bundeli by Bundelkhand community.


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